Population: 6,232,900 habitants (8/2008).
9 urban districts:
Hoan Kiem, Ba Dinh, Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung, Tay
Ho, Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay, Long Bien, Hoang Mai.
- 2 cities:
- 18 rural districts: Dong Anh, Soc Son, Thanh Tri, Tu Liem, Gia Lam (old Hanoi); Ba Vi, Chuong My, Dan Phuong, Hoai Duc, My Duc, Phu Xuyen, Phuc Tho, Quoc Oai, Thach That, Thanh Oai. Thuong Tin, Ung Hoa (former Ha Tay province) and Me Linh (a former district of Vinh Phuc province).
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Muong,
Climate: Hanoi is situated in a tropical monsoon zone with two main seasons. During the dry season, which lasts from October to April, it is cold and there is very little rainfall, except from January to March, when the weather is still cold but there is some light rain. The wet season, from May to September, is hot with heavy rains and storms. The average annual temperature is 23.oC (73.oF) and the average annual rainfall is 1,800mm. The average temperature in winter is 17.2oC (62.9oF), but can go down to 8oC (46.4oF). The average temperature in summer is 29.2oC (84.6oF, but can reach up to 39oC (102.2oF).
Throughout the thousand years
of its eventful history, marked by destruction, wars and natural
calamities, Hanoi still preserves many ancient architectural works
including the Old Quarter and over 600 pagodas and temples. Famous
sites include the One Pillar Pagoda (built in 1049), the Temple of
Literature (built in 1070), Hanoi Citadel, Hanoi Opera House,
President Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum...
Hanoi also characteristically contains 18 beautiful lakes such as Hoan Kiem Lake, West Lake, and Truc Bach Lake..., which are the lungs of the city, with their surrounding gardens and trees providing a vital source of energy.
Many traditional handicrafts are also practiced in Hanoi including bronze molding, silver carving, lacquer, and embroidery. Hanoi has many famous traditional professional handicraft villages such as Bat Trang pottery village, Ngu Xa bronze casting village, Yen Thai glossy silk...
Hanoi is 93km from Ninh Binh, 102km from Haiphong, 153km from Thanh
Hoa, 151km from Halong, 474km from Dien Bien Phu, 658km from Hue,
763km from Danang, and 1,710km from Ho Chi Minh City.
By air: Noi Bai International Airport, over 35km from the city center, is one of the biggest airports of the country with various international and domestic routes. There are domestic flights from Hanoi to Danang, Dien Bien, Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Nha Trang and international flights to many countries in over the world.
By train: Hanoi Railway Station is Vietnam's main railway station. It is the starting point of five railway lines leading to almost every province in Vietnam.